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    • Joint Disorders
    • Muscle Disorders
    • Shoulder
    • Sports Medicine

    Biceps Tendinitis

    Inflammation of a tendon is called tendinitis. An inflammation or irritation of the upper biceps tendon is called long head of biceps tendinitis. Inflammation is the body’s natural response to injury, disease, overuse or degeneration, and it often causes swelling, pain or irritation.

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    • Elbow
    • Joint Disorders
    • Muscle Disorders
    • Sports Medicine

    Biceps Tendon Tear at the Elbow

    Most often caused by sudden injury, a biceps tendon tear at the elbow tends to result in greater arm weakness than injuries to the biceps tendon at the shoulder. Without use of the biceps tendon, other arm muscles will make bending the elbow possible, however, these muscles cannot fulfill all elbow functions.

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    • Joint Disorders
    • Muscle Disorders
    • Pediatric Injuries

    Bone, Joint & Muscle Infections in Children

    Children can develop “deep” infections in their bones (osteomyelitis), joints (septic arthritis), or muscles (pyomyositis). The most common locations for deep muscle infections are the large muscle groups of the thigh, groin and pelvis. Children who have infections of their bones, joints, or muscles often have fever, pain, and limited movement of the infected area.

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    • Joint Disorders
    • Ligament Disorders
    • Muscle Disorders
    • Shoulder

    Chronic Shoulder Instability

    Chronic shoulder instability is the persistent inability of these tissues to keep the arm centered in the shoulder socket, so the shoulder is loose and slips out of place repeatedly. Once a shoulder has dislocated, or the shoulder’s ligaments, tendons and muscles become loose or torn, that shoulder is vulnerable to repeated dislocations.

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    • Muscle Disorders
    • Sports Medicine

    Contusions or Bruises

    Muscle contusions, or bruises, are second only to strains as a leading cause of sports injuries. Most contusions are minor and heal quickly, without requiring the athlete to be removed from the game. However, severe contusions can cause deep tissue damage, which may lead to complications and/or keep the athlete out of sports for months.

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    • Muscle Disorders
    • Sports Medicine

    Cramps or Charley Horse

    A charley horse, or cramp, is an involuntary, forcibly contracted muscle that does not relax, resulting in sudden and intense pain. Cramps can affect any muscle under your voluntary control (skeletal muscle), and can involve part or all of a muscle, or several muscles in a group. The most commonly affected muscle groups are: back of the lower leg/calf (gastrocnemius), back of the thigh (hamstrings), and front of the thigh (quadriceps).

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    • Fractures, Sprains & Strains
    • Muscle Disorders
    • Sports Medicine

    Hamstring Injuries

    A hamstring muscle injury can be a pull, a partial tear, or a complete tear. Occurring frequently in athletes, these injuries are especially common for participants in sports that require sprinting, such as track, soccer or basketball. Most hamstring injuries occur in the thick part of the muscle or where the muscle fibers join tendon fibers.

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    • Fractures, Sprains & Strains
    • Ligament Disorders
    • Muscle Disorders
    • Neck and Back (Spine)

    Low Back Pain

    The most common causes of lower back pain are strains and sprains to the muscles, tendons or ligaments of the low back, ranging from simple overstretching injuries to partial or complete tears. the muscles surrounding the injured area typically become inflamed, causing back spasms that result in severe lower back pain and difficulty moving.

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    • Fractures, Sprains & Strains
    • Muscle Disorders
    • Neck and Back (Spine)

    Lumbar Back Strain

    A lumbar strain is an injury to the tendons and/or muscles of the lower back, ranging from simple stretching injuries to partial or complete tears in the muscle/tendon combination. These tears cause inflammation in the surrounding area, resulting in painful back spasms and difficulty moving. An acute lumber strain is one that has been present for days or weeks. If it has persisted for longer than 3 months, it is considered chronic.

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    • Fractures, Sprains & Strains
    • Ligament Disorders
    • Muscle Disorders
    • Neck and Back (Spine)
    • Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation (PM&R)

    Neck Sprains & Strains

    Sprains and strains are injuries to ligaments, muscles or tendons. A sprain is the simple stretch or tear of a ligament. A strain may be a simple stretch of a muscle or tendon, or it may be a partial or complete tear in the muscle/tendon combination.

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    • Fractures, Sprains & Strains
    • Ligament Disorders
    • Muscle Disorders
    • Sports Medicine

    Sprains & Strains

    A sprain is the stretching or tearing of ligaments that connect one bone to another, often caused by a fall or sudden twisting of a joint. A strain can be a simple stretch in a muscle or tendon (the fibrous cords of tissue that attach muscles to bone), or it can be a partial or complete tear in the muscle-tendon combination.

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    • Fractures, Sprains & Strains
    • Muscle Disorders
    • Sports Medicine

    Thigh Muscle Strain

    Muscle strains usually happen when a muscle is stretched beyond its limit, tearing the muscle fibers. They frequently occur near the point where the muscle joins the tough, fibrous connective tissue of the tendon. A similar injury occurs if there is a direct blow to the muscle. Muscle strains are graded according to their severity.

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