At Shoreline Orthopaedics, our orthopaedic surgeons use a truly collaborative approach so our patients have the benefit of multiple expert opinions, without having to go elsewhere to obtain them.
Shoreline Orthopaedics provides more comprehensive services, state-of-the-art options, technologies and techniques than anyone else in the area.
The following information is provided to help you understand what you can expect from us regarding policies and procedures, and also what is expected of you before and after treatment or procedures.
The following information is provided to help you gain a better understanding of anatomy, terminology, certain orthopaedic procedures, and more. If you have any questions, feel free to ask your physician.
The elbow is a complex joint that allows bending and straightening (flexion and extension), and forearm rotation (pronation, palm down; and supination, palm up). The elbow is formed by the joining of three bones: the upper arm (humerus), the forearm on the pinky finger side (ulna), and the forearm on the thumb side (radius). The surfaces of these bones, where they meet to form the joint, are covered with articular cartilage, a smooth substance that protects the bones and acts as a natural cushion to absorb forces across the joint. A thin, smooth tissue, called synovial membrane, covers all remaining surfaces inside the elbow joint. In a healthy elbow, this membrane makes a small amount of fluid that lubricates the cartilage and eliminates almost all friction as you bend and rotate your arm.
Held together by muscles, ligaments and tendons, the elbow is a combination hinge and pivot joint. The hinge part of the elbow allows the arm to bend like the hinge of a door, while the pivot part makes it possible for the lower arm to twist and rotate. There are several muscles, nerves and tendons that cross at the elbow.
The beginning of baseball season in spring is often followed by an increase in overuse injuries in young baseball players, particularly pitchers and other players who throw repetitively. Two of the most frequent throwing injuries to the elbow are medial apophysitis (little leaguer's elbow), and osteochondritis dissecans.
Elbow pain, restricted range of motion and locking of the elbow joint are the most common symptoms. If any of these symptoms appear, your child should stop throwing and the elbow should be examined by a physician. When left untreated, throwing injuries to the elbow can develop into complicated conditions.
Younger children tend to respond better to nonsurgical treatments. Resting the injured elbow is critical. Continued throwing may lead to major complications and jeopardize the child's ability to actively participate in a sport that requires throwing. Ice packs can be used to help bring down any swelling. If pain persists after a few days of complete rest of the affected area, or if pain recurs when throwing is resumed, stop the activity again until your child receives medical treatment. You may also need to discuss a refined throwing technique with your child's doctor and coach.
Occasionally, surgical treatment is necessary, especially for girls older than 12 years, or boys older than 14 years. Depending upon your child's injury, surgery may involve removing loose bone fragments, bone grafting, or reattaching a ligament to the bone.
There are general guidelines regarding how many pitches a child can safely throw each week. This includes both practice and competitive play. To prevent throwing injuries, young pitchers should play no more than three or four innings each game.
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